Cancellation of crossflow instabilities through multiple discrete roughness elements forcing

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The presented work introduces a cancellation technique, based on the linear superposition of stationary crossflow instabilities (CFIs) through the application of a streamwise series of optimally positioned discrete roughness element (DRE) arrays on a swept wing surface. The DRE arrays are designed and arranged with suitable amplitude and phase shift to induce velocity disturbance systems that destructively interact, ultimately damping the developing CFIs. The robustness of this technique is investigated for a smooth wing surface as well as in the presence of enhanced distributed surface roughness. The resulting flow fields are measured with infrared thermography and particle tracking velocimetry, allowing for the extraction of the laminar-to-turbulent transition front location and for the characterization of the local boundary layer development. The acquired data show that the superposition of suitably arranged DRE arrays can successfully suppress monochromatic CFIs, reducing their amplitude and growth and delaying the boundary layer transition to turbulence when applied on a smooth wing surface. However, the presence of elevated background roughness significantly reduces the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123902
Number of pages24
JournalPhysical Review Fluids
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2022


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