Carbon Dots Embedded in Cellulose Film: Programmable, Performance-Tunable, and Large-Scale Subtle Fluorescent Patterning by in Situ Laser Writing

Yuanyuan Guo, Quan Wang, Hao Li, Yixun Gao, Xuezhu Xu, Biao Tang, B. Yang, Yi Kuen Lee, Paddy J. French, More Authors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Fluorescent patterns with multiple functions enable high-security anti-counterfeiting labels. Complex material synthesis and patterning processes limit the application of multifunctional fluorescent patterns, so the technology of in situ fluorescent patterning with tunable multimodal capabilities is becoming more necessary. In this work, an in situ fluorescent patterning technology was developed using laser direct writing on solid cellulose film at ambient conditions without masks. The fluorescent intensity and surface microstructure of the patterns could be adjusted by programmable varying of the laser parameters simultaneously. During laser direct writing, carbon dots are generated in situ in a cellulose ester polymer matrix, which significantly simplifies the fluorescent patterning process and reduces the manufacturing cost. Interestingly, the tunable fluorescent intensity empowers the fabrication of visual stereoscopic fluorescent patterns with excitation dependence, further improving its anti-counterfeiting performance. The obtained fluorescent patterns still show ultrahigh optical properties after being immersed in an acid/base solution (pH 5-12) over one month. In addition, the anti-UV performance of the obtained laser-patterned film with transmittance around 90% is comparable to that of commercial UV-resistant films. This work provided an advanced and feasible approach to fabricating programmable, performance-tunable, subtle fluorescent patterns in large-scale for industrial application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2910-2920
Number of pages11
JournalACS Nano
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • carbon dots
  • fluorescent pattern
  • laser direct writing
  • surface microstructure
  • tunable intensity

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