Catalytic hydrogenation of CO2 to formates by a lutidine-derived Ru-CNC pincer complex: Theoretical insight into the unrealized potential

Georgy A. Filonenko, Daniel Smykowski, Bartłomiej M. Szyja, Guanna Li, Jerzy Szczygieł, Emiel J.M. Hensen, Evgeny A. Pidko*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

104 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Metal-ligand cooperative properties of a bis-N-heterocyclic carbene ruthenium CNC pincer catalyst and its activity in CO2 hydrogenation to formates were studied by DFT calculations complemented by NMR spectroscopy and kinetic measurements. The dearomatized Ru-CNC∗ pincer (1∗) is significantly more reactive toward metal-ligand cooperative activation of H2 and CO2 than the structurally related phosphine-based Ru-PNP complex. The enhanced reactivity of Ru-CNC∗ stems from the combination of electronic properties of this system and the reduced geometric constraints imposed onto the Ru center by the large and flexible CNC chelate. Heterolytic dissociation of H2 by 1∗ results in the bis-hydrido complex 2 that is active in hydrogenation of CO2. However, under commonly applied reaction conditions, the catalyst rapidly deactivates via metal-ligand cooperative paths. The transient formation of the dearomatized complex Ru-CNC∗ (1∗) in the course of the reaction leads to the irreversible cooperative activation of CO2, resulting in the stable adduct 3 that is not catalytically competent. By an increase in the H2/CO2 ratio, this deactivation path can be effectively suppressed, resulting in a stable and rather high catalytic performance of Ru-CNC. (Chemical Equation Presented).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1145-1154
JournalACS Catalysis
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • catalyst deactivation
  • DFT calculations
  • hydrogenation
  • metal-ligand cooperation
  • N-heterocyclic carbene
  • ruthenium

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Catalytic hydrogenation of CO2 to formates by a lutidine-derived Ru-CNC pincer complex: Theoretical insight into the unrealized potential'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this