Catalytic performance of cross-linked enzyme aggregates of Penicillium expansum lipase and their use as catalyst for biodiesel production

Jing-Qi Lai, Zhang-Li Hu, Roger A. Sheldon, Zhen Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract
Cross-linked enzyme aggregates (CLEAs) of lipase from Penicillium expansum (PEL) were prepared directly from fermentation broth, a more practical and economically viable procedure than the generally used methods that require purified or partially purified enzymes for CLEA preparation. A systematic study of the activity and stability of PEL-CLEAs was undertaken in aqueous solution, organic solvents, and ionic liquids (ILs). Immobilization of the enzyme resulted in a significantly enhanced stability in aqueous solution with regard to pH and temperature. PEL-CLEAs showed an improved activity in the IL [BMIm][PF6] relative to that observed in hexane, both keeping increased with temperature (up to 90 °C in the IL and 60 °C in hexane). The effect of water content and water activity in these two nonaqueous media showed similar patterns as for the uncrosslinked enzyme. The half life of the CLEAs was higher in hydrophobic organic solvents (hexane and chloroform) than in aqueous solution, and presented a sigmoid relationship with the log P of the organic solvent tested. PEL-CLEAs catalyzed biodiesel production from microalgal oil in the IL [BMIm][PF6] with a conversion of 85.7%, demonstrating that they can be taken as a promising catalyst for this application.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2058-2063
Number of pages6
JournalProcess Biochemistry
Volume47
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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