Cationic Effects on Photo- and X-ray Radioluminescence of K3RE(PO4)2:Ce3+/Pr3+ (RE = La, Gd, and Y) Phosphors toward X-ray Detection

Yiyi Ou, Weijie Zhou, Pieter Dorenbos, Hongbin Liang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
12 Downloads (Pure)


Cationic tuning for lanthanide (Ce3+/Pr3+)-activated inorganic phosphors with stable, efficient, and fast-decay 5d-4f emissions has emerged as an important strategy toward the continuing pursuit of superior scintillators. The in-depth understanding of the cationic effects on photo- and radioluminescence of lanthanides Ce3+ and Pr3+ centers is requisite for the rational cationic tuning. Here, we perform a systematic study on the structure and photo- and X-ray radioluminescence properties of K3RE(PO4)2:Ce3+/Pr3+ (RE = La, Gd, and Y) phosphors to elucidate the underlying cationic effects on their 4f-5d luminescence. By using the Rietveld refinements, low-temperature synchrotron-radiation vacuum ultraviolet-ultraviolet spectra, vibronic coupling analyses, and vacuum-referred binding energy schemes, the origins of lattice parameter evolutions, 5d excitation energies, 5d emission energies, and Stokes shifts as well as good emission thermal stabilities of K3RE(PO4)2:Ce3+ systems are revealed. In addition, the correlations of Pr3+ luminescence to Ce3+ in the same sites are also discussed. Finally, the X-ray excited luminescence manifests that the K3Gd(PO4)2:1%Ce3+ sample possesses a light yield of ∼10,217 photons/MeV, indicating its potentiality toward X-ray detection application. These results deepen the understanding of cationic effects on Ce3+ and Pr3+ 4f-5d luminescence and inspire the inorganic scintillator development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6181-6188
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


Dive into the research topics of 'Cationic Effects on Photo- and X-ray Radioluminescence of K3RE(PO4)2:Ce3+/Pr3+ (RE = La, Gd, and Y) Phosphors toward X-ray Detection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this