Ce-Doped La3Si6.5Al1.5N9.5O5.5, a Rare Highly Efficient Blue-Emitting Phosphor at Short Wavelength toward High Color Rendering White LED Application

Chun Yun Wang*, Takashi Takeda, Otmar Melvin Ten Kate, Masataka Tansho, Kenzo Deguchi, Kohsei Takahashi, Rong Jun Xie, Tadashi Shimizu, Naoto Hirosaki

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phase pure nondoped and Ce doped La3Si6.5Al1.5N9.5O5.5 (Al containing La N-phase) samples have been obtained by solid-state reaction synthesis for the first time. 1% Ce-doped La3Si6.5Al1.5N9.5O5.5 phosphor displays a broad excitation band ranging from UV to 410 nm, with a maximum at 355 nm. UV light excitation results in a narrow Ce3+ 5d-4f emission band (fwhm = 68 nm) centered at 418 nm. The emission can be tuned from 417 nm at 0.5% Ce to 450 nm at 50% Ce. A high internal quantum efficiency up to 84% is achieved for a 1% Ce doped sample, which has CIE chromaticity coordinates of x = 0.157 and y = 0.069, close to the NTSC blue standard (x = 0.155; y = 0.070). Compared to La3Si8O4N11:Ce phosphor, the quantum efficiency and thermal stability have been enhanced for La3Si6.5Al1.5N9.5O5.5:Ce phosphor without shifting the emission peak wavelength. La3Si6.5Al1.5N9.5O5.5:Ce shows less thermal quenching than La3Si8O4N11:Ce and no shift or change in the shape of emission spectra with increasing the temperature from 4 to 573 K. These results show that La3Si6.5Al1.5N9.5O5.5:Ce is more efficient than any other (oxy-)nitride phosphor with an emission in the short wavelength blue region (400-450 nm). A white LED was fabricated using the La3Si6.5Al1.5N9.5O5.5:5%Ce as a blue phosphor. The high color rendering index (Ra = 93.2, R9 = 91.4, and R12 = 89.5) obtained shows that the phosphor is a very promising conversion phosphor for white LEDs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22665-22675
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume9
Issue number27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 2017

Keywords

  • deep blue
  • high color rendering
  • high efficiency
  • LaSiAlNO:Ce
  • luminescence
  • sialon
  • white LED

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