Centrifuge modelling of submarine landslides due to static liquefaction

Weiyuan Zhang, Amin Askarinejad*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)
119 Downloads (Pure)


Sand erosion and scouring caused by waves and marine currents result in gradual increase of local seabed inclination and formation of slopes around hydraulic structures and offshore foundations. During this process, shear stresses in the soil body increase monotonically which may lead to static liquefaction and damage of the adjacent offshore infrastructure. This paper presents the details of a newly developed static liquefaction triggering actuator to be used at an enhanced gravity condition in a geotechnical centrifuge. This actuator simulates the steeping process of submarine sand layers due to scouring and enables the investigation of failure mechanisms in submerged slopes. The details of the centrifuge test set-up designed and constructed to simulate the process of triggering static liquefaction in loose sand layers are presented. Furthermore, the performance of the novel integrated model preparation facility using sand fluidization is explained. The set-up was used to conduct several centrifuge tests at four different slope steepening rates to investigate the slope steepening rate effects. Moreover, the effect of viscosity of the submerging pore fluid on the behaviour of the slopes at the onset of failure is investigated. The Coriolis effect on loose saturated sand samples during increase of g-level is examined as well. Results show that the built-up of pore pressure due to local shear deformations can be detected and considered as one of the triggering mechanisms of this kind of submarine slope instabilities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1921-1938
Number of pages18
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Centrifuge modelling
  • Offshore foundations
  • Static liquefaction
  • Submarine landslides

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