Characterisation and optimisation of the d 33 coefficient of cellular PP films

Gustavo Ortega Braña, Pedro Llovera-Segovia, Armando Rodrigo Mor, Alfredo Quijano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Piezoelectric polymer cellular films have been studied since 1986. In recent years, they have improved the potential applications due to materials progress. Cellular polypropylene (PP) polymers are characterised by its high piezoelectric coefficient d 33 in comparison with other piezoelectric materials such as ceramics. One of the advantages of these films is their elasticity and flexibility. This study is based on the optimisation of the activation process and characterisation results of polymer cellular films. Samples were made of a commercially available PP film which was modified by a thermal biaxial stretching. Coefficient d 33 was measured by a quasi-static method and the frequency characterisation was made for validating all characterisations and their relations. Transducer coefficients around 700 pC/N were obtained with polymer cellular PP films with silver coating electrodes, activated by corona discharge. An approximation of the surface charge density in the polymer voids was obtained with a mathematical model. Thermal stability was checked by thermally stimulated discharge currents (TSDCs) showing a relationship between the TSDC and the coefficient d 33. Time stability was determined after 3000 h ageing, and finally was obtained a resonance frequency by interferometry measurement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-133
Number of pages9
JournalIET Science, Measurement and Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • ceramics
  • thermal stability
  • surface charge density
  • mathematical model
  • silver coating electrodes
  • time 3000 h
  • TSDC
  • interferometry measurement
  • thermal biaxial stretching
  • transducer coefficient
  • corona discharge
  • piezoelectric polymer cellular film
  • quasistatic method
  • piezoelectric material
  • cellular PP polymer film
  • optimisation
  • cellular polypropylene polymer film
  • time stability
  • thermally stimulated discharge current


Dive into the research topics of 'Characterisation and optimisation of the d 33 coefficient of cellular PP films'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this