Characterization of aerosols from RDD surrogate compounds produced by fast thermal transients

Fidelma Giulia Di Lemma, Jean Yves Colle, Markus Ernstberger, Rudy J M Konings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
43 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Experimental tests have been performed to characterize the aerosols representative of radiological dispersion devices (RDDs, a.k.a. "dirty bombs") by applying to chosen surrogate compound rapid high temperature transients, vaporizing the sample and forming aerosols mainly by rapid cooling of the vapour. The materials, which were tested in their non-radioactive form, had been chosen from the radioactive sources widely used in industries and nuclear medicine applications, Co, CsCl, Ir and SrTiO3. Our analyses permitted the characterization of the inhalable fraction of the aerosols released, and the study of the influence of cladding materials on the aerosol release and on its characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-401
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nuclear Science and Technology
Volume53
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2016

Keywords

  • aerosol characterization
  • experimental data
  • particle size
  • radioactivity
  • radiological dispersion devices
  • source term

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