Experimental tests have been performed to characterize the aerosols representative of radiological dispersion devices (RDDs, a.k.a. "dirty bombs") by applying to chosen surrogate compound rapid high temperature transients, vaporizing the sample and forming aerosols mainly by rapid cooling of the vapour. The materials, which were tested in their non-radioactive form, had been chosen from the radioactive sources widely used in industries and nuclear medicine applications, Co, CsCl, Ir and SrTiO3. Our analyses permitted the characterization of the inhalable fraction of the aerosols released, and the study of the influence of cladding materials on the aerosol release and on its characteristics.
- aerosol characterization
- experimental data
- particle size
- radiological dispersion devices
- source term