The dewatering of algal culture requires coagulation of the algal cells. However, the coagulation in a continuous operation is slowed down through the excretion of Soluble Algal Products (SAPs). Electrocoagulation (EC), already utilized as a coagulation technique, has been investigated for its effects on SAPs characterizations. A mixed culture of Chlorella vulgaris, Scenedesmus Obliquus, Botryococcus braunii, Botryococcus sudeticus, and Afrocarpus falcatus was prepared and SAPs characteristics, including Specific Ultra Violet Absorbance (SUVA), Zeta potential, Molecular Weight (MW) fractionation, Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC), protein and carbohydrate content, Excitation-Emission Matrix, and hydrophobicity using XAD resins, were measured and evaluated before and after electrocoagulation using mild steel and aluminum electrodes at 5 and 10 min. The results showed several improvements after EC. According to results, EC can render SAPs hydrophobicity up to 95 %, and the fluorescence peak results showed the complete removal of humic-like. Moreover, the SAPs were removed up to 21, 60, and 47 % for protein, carbohydrate and DOC, respectively. Results collectively showed that electrocoagulation might be able to mitigate the negative effects of growth on flocculation.
- Mixed culture
- Soluble Algal Products