Charge Carrier Dynamics upon Sub-bandgap Excitation in Methylammonium Lead Iodide Thin Films: Effects of Urbach Tail, Deep Defects, and Two-Photon Absorption

Valentina M. Caselli, Zimu Wei, Marnix M. Ackermans, Eline M. Hutter, Bruno Ehrler, Tom J. Savenije

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Abstract

To further understand the optoelectronic properties of metal halide perovskites, we investigate sub-bandgap absorption in methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3) films. Charge carrier dynamics are studied using time-resolved microwave conductivity measurements using sub-bandgap excitation. From changes in the decay dynamics as a function of excitation energy and intensity, we have identified three regimes: (i) Band-like charge transport at photon energies above 1.48 eV; (ii) a transitional regime between 1.48 and 1.40 eV; and (iii) below 1.40 eV localized optically active defects (8 × 1013 cm-3) dominate the absorption at low intensities, while two-photon absorption is observed at high intensities. We determined an Urbach energy of approximately 11.3 meV, indicative of a low structural and/or thermal disorder. Surprisingly, even excitation 120 meV below the bandgap leads to efficient charge transfer into electron (C60) or hole (spiro-OMeTAD) transport layers. Therefore, we conclude that for MAPbI3, the band tail states do not lead to nonradiative losses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3821-3827
JournalACS Energy Letters
Volume5
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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