Chemo-mechanics of ageing on bituminous materials

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Abstract

Ageing of bitumen is a complex process. It is accompanied by major chemical and mechanical changes. In this study, Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectrometer and Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR) tests were utilized to investigate the effect of ageing on the chemical and mechanical properties of bituminous materials. Bitumen films with thickness of 2 mm were exposed to laboratory ageing at various conditions. Specifically, different combinations of ageing time, temperature and pressure were applied on the materials. The FTIR tests results were used to quantify the changes in the chemical functional groups and to calculate ageing indices (carbonyl index and sulfoxide index) of bitumen. In addition, the DSR tests results were analysed to determine the evolution of the rheological properties of bitumen. A linear relationship was made between the ageing indices and complex shear modulus, providing thus a chemo-mechanics framework to describe bitumen ageing. The results were validated by using data of field aged samples. Finally, the influence of ageing on the parameters of two viscoelastic models was determined.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTransportation Research Board 97th Annual Meeting
Subtitle of host publicationWashington DC, United States, 2018-1-7 to 2018-1-11
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventTRB 2018: 97th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board - Walter E. Washington Convention Center, Washington D.C., United States
Duration: 7 Jan 201811 Jan 2018
Conference number: 97

Conference

ConferenceTRB 2018: 97th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board
Abbreviated titleTRB 2018
CountryUnited States
CityWashington D.C.
Period7/01/1811/01/18

Keywords

  • bitumen
  • chemomechanics
  • ageing
  • viscoelastic model

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