Chitinivibrio

Dimitry Y. Sorokin, Andrey Mardanov, Nicolai Ravin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientific

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Abstract

Chi.ti.ni.vi’bri.o. N.L. neut. n. chitinum, chitin; N.L. masc. n. vibrio, that which vibrates; N.L. masc. n. Chitinivibrio, vibrio-shaped bacterium utilizing chitin as
substrate. The genus Chitinivibrio is classified in the class Chitinivibrionia, forming a deep independent lineage within the phylum Fibrobacterota. Its closest relative is the genus Chitinispirillum, which is also a member of the Fibrobacterota. Both these two deep lineages are alkaliphilic fermentative anaerobes with extremely narrow metabolic specialization utilizing chitin as the
only substrate. Members of the genus Chitinivibrio are extremely salt-tolerant alkaliphiles inhabiting anoxic sediments of hypersaline soda lakes. The genus
includes a single species C. alkaliphilus, which is the type species of the genus.
DNA G + C content (mol%): 46.2 (genome). Type species: Chitinivibrio alkaliphilus Sorokin et al. 2014, VL160.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChitinivibrio
EditorsAharon Oren
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Number of pages5
Edition2015
ISBN (Print)9781118960608
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Publication series

NameBergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria, Online

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