Choosing Mortar Compositions for Repointing of Historic Masonry Under Severe Environmental Conditions

C.J.W.P. Groot, Jos Gunneweg

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientific


The quality of repointing work in historic masonry is to an important degree determined by the composition of the repair mortar. Apart from this, good
workmanship is a basic requirement for durable repointing. Over the past decades
awareness has grown that the mortar composition of repointing should always be
considered and applied taking into account the hygric and mechanical properties of the existing adjacent materials. Often this is easy enough to realize. However,
choosing the composition of a repointing mortar there are situations where various damage risks seem to point at opposing materials properties. In the paper this problem is approximated analysing a number of damage cases with the aim to define more precisely which requirements and to what extent should be maintained. Subsequently, from lab studies and experiences with the application of natural hydraulic lime (NHL) in specific repointing projects a set of requirements is proposed. The context of this repointing study is repair of low-strength historic fired clay brick masonry in the coastal area of the Netherlands;
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHistoric Mortars
Subtitle of host publicationAdvances in Research and Practical Conservation
EditorsJohn J. Hughes, Jan Válek, C.J.W.P. Groot
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-91606-4
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-91604-0
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Repointing
  • Damage
  • Requirements
  • Restoration

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