Circular building products, a case study of soft barriers in design for remanufacturing

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientific


The building industry contributes approximately 40% of the total waste generated in the European Union (EU). Across the EU a shift towards closing product loops, as part of a transition towards a circular economy, is considered as a promising approach to reduce waste and pollution. Remanufacturing is an example of a strategy which supports this approach. It is applied in various industries that are intensive materials users. It has, however, not been applied in the building sector on a large scale. This is unfortunate, given that buildings offer several favorable key conditions for remanufacturing, such as providing access to high volumes of products, containing high material value, at fixed locations. This paper aims to analyse the human, soft issues for design for remanufacturing at the design stage of products used in the built environment. The methodology used consisted of a literature review followed by a workshop with twenty professionals from the building industry. The workshop approach was developed in a series of EU funded projects. The paper concludes by proposing that, even though the technical barriers to remanufacture building products are low, the soft barriers in the shift towards remanufacturing, on a larger scale, appear to remain high.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the International Conference of Remanufacturing 2019
EditorsWinifred Ijomah
Place of PublicationAmsterdam, the Netherlands
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4503-7202-2
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventInternational Conference on remanufacturing (ICoR) - Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 23 Jun 201925 Jun 2019


ConferenceInternational Conference on remanufacturing (ICoR)


  • Remanufacturing
  • Design for Remanufacturing
  • Circular Building Products


Dive into the research topics of 'Circular building products, a case study of soft barriers in design for remanufacturing'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this