Circular design in practice: Eight levers for change

Merryn Hanes-Gadd*, Conny Bakker, Fiona Charnley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientificpeer-review

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Circular Design, as a practice and approach, has grown in popularity in the last decade, with academics and industry alike proposing many strategies and methods that facilitate this in products. Yet, very few day-to-day products are actually circular. Therefore, in this chapter, we sought to analyse and reflect upon what progress Circular Design has made within industry, uncovering the key barriers and opportunities for how it is implemented. Through interviews with industry experts applying Circular Design in practice, this chapter identified the 'classic drivers and barriers' influencing the sustainability of products but also identified several new insights or 'levers for change' that are impacting the advancement as well. It is proposed that if these levers are ignored, they could potentially continue to hinder advancement, but if addressed, could help to unlock activity within this area and help speed up the transition to a fully circular product system.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of the Circular Economy
Subtitle of host publicationTransitions and Transformation
PublisherWalter de Gruyter
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9783110723373
ISBN (Print)9783110723229
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Circular Design
  • Implementation
  • Industry perspectives
  • Products


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