The paper explores the potential of a meaningful citizen participation in postwar urban reconstructions as a tool for rebuilding social tolerance between diverse social groups. As case-study we use a telling example of former Yugoslavia. By comparing two very different postwar reconstruction strategies evolving over a period of three decades each —one after the Second World War (1945–1974) and one after the most recent Yugoslav wars (1995–present)—we demonstrate how inclusive citizen participation in former led to increased social tolerance in an inherently diverse nation, while in latter, prioritizing investors’ over citizens’ needs and interests significantly decreased social tolerance levels and even caused some antagonism to reappear. This led us to conclude that social tolerance is a dynamic category that, under the right circumstances (meaningful interaction, strong governance, equality of status, rule of law, shared goals, mutual respect and empathy), can be planned and executed as an integral part of post-disaster reconstruction strategies.
|Journal||International Journal of Disaster Risk Science|
|Publication status||Submitted - 2021|
- citizen participation
- postwar reconstruction
- social tolerance