Climate change in a changing urban world: The case of the Netherlands

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientificpeer-review


    In most urbanised deltas, hydraulic engineering and spatial development are strongly influencing one another. In the Netherlands, this relationship has worked out differently during various temporal periods. Presently, and contextualised at the beginning of the twenty-first century, a new period has arrived where changes in the climate system and in urban society are evident. New approaches concerning flood defence and water management should be regarded within the context of both of these changes. As a relevant example of these changes, the current developments in the Netherlands will be discussed in this chapter. In 2008, a new Delta-program was launched that implied not only the provision of new and efficient flooding defence infrastructure, but also an innovative spatial structure in the Netherlands. As a result it is hence necessary to develop and apply a new approach in planning and design, with a new type of plan-figure. This new plan-figure is called a 'Robust and Adaptive Framework".
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationClimate Change Adaptation in Urbanised Estuaries
    Subtitle of host publicationContributes to the Lisbon Case
    EditorsJoao Pedro Costa, Joao Figueira de Sousa
    PublisherUniversidade de Lisboa
    ISBN (Print)978-989-98628-1-4
    Publication statusPublished - 2016


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