Aviation is a highly necessary transport sector in our modern society. It guarantees mobility on a short- and long-range spectrum and is still a growing sector. However, aviation also contributes signi_cantly to the anthropogenic climate change via CO2 and non-CO2 e_ects. One possibility to reduce the climate impact of aviation would be to optimize the aircraft at the design level. Another possibility is to optimize the operations, e.g. to avoid climate sensitive regions in the ight route. To derive modelling capabilities, we review the climate impact of aviation with a focus on climate optimization of aircraft operations and design. The overall climate impact of aviation based on CO2 and non-CO2 e_ects is analyzed under consideration of contrails and di_erent emissions like CO2, NOx, and H2O. The connection to the related temperature change is shown via the climate sensitivity for each species. An overview over the most common climate metrics, including radiative forcing, global warming potential, global temperature potential, and the average temperature response is given in order to _nd the most suitable climate metric for aircraft design purposes. During previous studies within various projects, e.g. WeCare, REACT4C, and ATM4E, climate optimization strategies for aircraft operations were investigated. The aircraft routes regarding the ight path or altitude can be adjusted in regard to climate considerations, also in dependence on the current weather situation. In these projects, climate change functions and algorithmic climate change functions were developed which could potentially facilitate the climate optimized routings. The aircraft design for climate optimization di_ers from the approach to optimize the design for reduced cost or reduced fuel burn. For the climate impact, ying slow and low is bene_cial which was shown in the project CATS, but this is not reected in the current aircraft design. Therefore, previous studies propose redesigned aircraft. The relation between climate, aircraft operations and aircraft design is used to point out the requirements for modelling resulting from that. The focus is on the connection between climate and operations on one side, and on the connection between climate and design considerations on the other side. Currently, the model capacity for aircraft design does not support the climate optimized design. Therefore, deriving climate functions for aircraft design is highly important which will be one of the main goals in the Clean Sky 2 project GLOWOPT (Global-Warming-Optimized Aircraft Design).
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
|Event||10th EASN Virtual Conference - Virtual event|
Duration: 2 Sep 2020 → 4 Sep 2020
Conference number: 10
|Conference||10th EASN Virtual Conference|
|Period||2/09/20 → 4/09/20|