CMOS SPAD Sensors for 3D Time-of-Flight Imaging, LiDAR and Ultra-High Speed Cameras

Chao Zhang

    Research output: ThesisDissertation (TU Delft)

    2083 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    In conventional applications, such as bio-imaging and microscopy, SPAD is typically used as a single-photon counter. However, this advantage has been challenged by other photon-counting technologies, especially from CMOS-based QIS. Comparatively, apart from single-photon counting capability, QIS is superior to SPAD in terms of intrinsic multi-photon counting capability, quantum efficiency, dark noise, pixel size and fill factor. All these features indicate a low cost and high resolution photon counting imager can be built with QIS, which can be a great competition to SPADs. Moreover, QIS has been demonstrated with 1Mjot array, 0.175e- rms read noise and 1000 fps at less than 20 mWpower consumption.
    Original languageEnglish
    Awarding Institution
    • Delft University of Technology
    Supervisors/Advisors
    • Charbon-Iwasaki-Charbon, E., Supervisor
    Award date13 May 2019
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Keywords

    • Single-photon avalanche diode
    • time-of-flight
    • LiDAR
    • image sensor
    • high-speed sensor

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