Co-fermentation of mixed sugars to produce butanol is an attractive route in sucrochemical production chains. Herein, high-level mixed sugars from sugarcane bagasse hemicellulosic hydrolysate (HH) and molasses (SCM) were investigated as potential substrates for acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) production in batch fermentation by Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum DSM 14923. HH produced after hydrothermal pretreatment was concentrated 5-fold and was called concentrated hemicellulosic hydrolysate (CHH). The fermentation media that were investigated consisted solely of CHH and SCM and three CHH-to-SCM ratios were used to provide 30 g/L initial sugar concentrations and furan derivatives lower than 0.1 g/L. For CHH50/SCM50 and CHH75/SCM25, diluting CHH to concentrations of 15 g/L sugars and 22.5 g/L sugars, respectively, which were supplemented with SCM and nutrients, suffered growth inhibition as a function of the concentration of undissociated acid in the medium. The best-performing medium, CHH25/SCM75 (7.5 g/L and 22.5 g/L sugars from CHH and SCM, respectively and about 0.017 g/L furan derivatives), showed 97 % sugar consumption, and in the pH range of 5.5–6.5, undissociated acetic acid was not an inhibitory molecular form to C. saccharoperbutylacetonicum. After 30 h of fermentation, 7.8 and 9.8 g/L butanol and ABE were produced, respectively, which yielded 0.28 and 0.36 g/g. Based on our findings, C. saccharoperbutylacetonicum exhibits its potential and effective application for renewable butanol production by co-fermenting mixed sugars.
- ABE fermentation
- C. saccharoperbutylacetonicum
- Hemicellulosic hydrolysate
- Sugarcane molasses