Coda-wave monitoring of continuously evolving material properties and the precursory detection of yielding

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The nominally incoherent coda of a scattered wavefield has been shown to be a remarkably sensitive quantitive monitoring tool. Its success is, however, often limited to applications where only moderate or localised changes in the scattering properties of the medium can be assumed. However, the compressional deformation of a relatively homogeneous rock matrix towards failure represents for a monitoring wavefield pronounced changes in both velocity and scattering power often due to a distribution of inelastic changes. A rolling reference wavefield is implemented when applying coda-wave interferometry (CWI) and coda-wave decorrelation (CWD), allowing relative velocity and material scattering power monitoring for such applications. It is demonstrated how this modification enables the qualitative monitoring of stages in material deformation common to unconfined compressive strength tests. In addition, the precursory/subtle onset of material yielding is identifiable in both the CWI and CWD methods, which was not possible when comparing to a fixed reference wavefield. It is, therefore, expected that this approach will enable these coda-based methods to robustly monitor continuous, destructive processes at a variety of scales. Possible applications include critical infrastructure, landslide, and reservoir compaction monitoring where both the subtle continuous and sudden large changes in a material's scattering properties occur.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1060-1068
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019

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