Coherent Control of a Nuclear Spin via Interactions with a Rare-Earth Ion in the Solid State

Mehmet T. Uysal, Mouktik Raha, Songtao Chen, Christopher M. Phenicie, Salim Ourari, Mengen Wang, Chris G. Van De Walle, Viatcheslav V. Dobrovitski, Jeff D. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
20 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Individually addressed Er3+ ions in solid-state hosts are promising resources for quantum repeaters, because of their direct emission in the telecom band and their compatibility with silicon photonic devices. While the Er3+ electron spin provides a spin-photon interface, ancilla nuclear spins could enable multiqubit registers with longer storage times. In this work, we demonstrate coherent coupling between the electron spin of a single Er3+ ion and a single I=1/2 nuclear spin in the solid-state host crystal, which is a fortuitously located proton (1H). We control the nuclear spin using dynamical-decoupling sequences applied to the electron spin, implementing one- and two-qubit gate operations. Crucially, the nuclear spin coherence time exceeds the electron coherence time by several orders of magnitude, because of its smaller magnetic moment. These results provide a path toward combining long-lived nuclear spin quantum registers with telecom-wavelength emitters for long-distance quantum repeaters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number010323
Number of pages19
JournalPRX Quantum
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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