The wind condition around floating offshore wind turbines (FOWTs) can be largely different from that developed around bottom-mounted wind turbines due to the platform motions. The existing literature identifies four working state of FOWTs, one of them being the vortex ring state (VRS) which may occur as the rotor moves in its own wake. It is potentially a problem that influences the aerodynamic performance and lifetime of FOWTs. It is still unclear when, and to what extent, does the VRS happen to floating offshore wind turbines. The aim of this paper is to quantitatively predict the occurrence of VRS during the operation of FOWTs. Three different criteria are used and compared: the axial induction factor, Wolkovitch's criterion and Peters’ criterion. The results show that the VRS phenomena may occur for a large range of operating conditions and can be correlated with the minima in the relative wind speed normal to the rotor plane. Also, the probability of occurrence of VRS is smaller for the floating platforms that exhibit the least motions such as the TLP. Finally, Wolkovitch's criterion seems to be the most suitable one for the VRS prediction, while Peters criterion indicates the initial aerodynamic change and is thus suitable for early warning of VRS.
- Floating offshore wind turbine
- Unsteady aerodynamics
- Vortex ring state