Composition- A nd Condition-Dependent Kinetics of Homogeneous Ester Hydrogenation by a Mn-Based Catalyst

Annika M. Krieger, Pavel Kuliaev, Felix Q. Armstrong Hall, Dapeng Sun, Evgeny A. Pidko

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Abstract

The reaction medium and conditions are the key parameters defining the efficiency and performance of a homogeneous catalyst. In the state-of-the-art molecular descriptions of catalytic systems by density functional theory (DFT) calculations, the reaction medium is commonly reduced to an infinitely diluted ideal solution model. In this work, we carry out a detailed operando computational modeling analysis of the condition dependencies and nonideal solution effects on the mechanism and kinetics of a model ester hydrogenation reaction by a homogeneous Mn(I)-P,N catalyst. By combining DFT calculations, COSMO-RS solvent model, and the microkinetic modeling approach, the kinetic behavior of the multicomponent homogeneous catalyst system under realistic reaction conditions was investigated in detail. The effects of the reaction medium and its dynamic evolution in the course of the reaction were analyzed by comparing the results obtained for the model methyl acetate hydrogenation reaction in a THF solution and under solvent-free neat reaction conditions. The dynamic representations of the reaction medium give rise to strongly nonlinear effects in the kinetic models. The nonideal representation of the reaction medium results in pronounced condition dependencies of the computed energetics of the elementary reaction steps and the computed kinetic profiles but affects only slightly such experimentally accessible kinetic descriptors as the apparent activation energy and the degree of rate control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26990-26998
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume124
Issue number49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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