Computation of formation enthalpies and molar volumes of halides

C. Kwakernaak, D. Music, J. M. Schneider, W. G. Sloof

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


The Macroscopic Atom Model (MAM) is extended with the halogens to obtain formation enthalpies and molar volumes of halides. Molar volumes and electron densities were obtained with ab initio methods assuming a hypothetical metallic state. The electronegativity parameter and transformation enthalpy were obtained by linear extrapolation and regression analysis. Negative transformation enthalpies were introduced to obtain reliable values for the formation enthalpy of halides. Formation enthalpies of halides are computed within 25 kJ/mol·at and their molar volumes are underestimated by 20%. The MAM provides better estimates than models using Pauling electronegativity or Born-Haber cycle calculations assuming an ionic lattice of the Born-Haber type. The inclusion of the halogens in the MAM scheme has extended its application to both alloys and ionic compounds. This model can now predict their formation enthalpies and molar volumes, which is not the case in all other electronegativity schemes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115081
Number of pages8
JournalSolid State Ionics
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Ab initio calculations
  • Formation enthalpy
  • Halides
  • Macroscopic Atom Model (MAM)
  • Molar volume

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