Energy democracy is an emergent movement for bringing about technological innovation with concomitant economic, social, and political change in the energy system, one that promises a just transition to clean and affordable energy. To examine whether and how the promise of energy democracy can be fulfilled, however, more clarity on the concept is necessary. In this chapter, we conceptualize energy democracy using a four-stream variant of the multiple streams framework. From this perspective, sustainability transitions and, by extension, energy transitions can be viewed as multilevel, multiactor processes requiring not only technological innovation but also problem framing, policy alternatives’ specification, and political advocacy. The actors primarily responsible for these transition processes are technology constituencies, epistemic communities, instrument constituencies, and advocacy coalitions, respectively. Energy democracy can be conceived as public participation in these activities during transition processes. Further, as this conceptualization can be operationalized at every scale, the cross-scalar nature of energy transitions—and energy democracy—can be analyzed by modeling the influence of transition processes in one setting on the streams in another setting. The proposed framework furthers inquiry into energy democracy through examination of the what, the how, and the where of democratization in society.
|Title of host publication||Routledge Handbook of Energy Democracy|
|Editors||Andrea M. Feldpausch-Parker, Danielle Endres, Tarla Rai Peterson, Stephanie L. Gomez|
|Publisher||Routledge - Taylor & Francis Group|
|Number of pages||16|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|