Conclusion and outlook

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientificpeer-review

155 Downloads (Pure)


This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the concepts covered in the preceding chapters of this book. The book shows how specific advantages given to cities, for instance trading and taxation rights in medieval times, had a clear influence on the economy of cities and through that, on population growth. It also shows how so-called interaction environments, places for personal encounters and for the exchange of persons, goods (including cultural ‘goods’ like music, theatre or museological productions), capital and information, are today scattered over the Randstad (together forming the Holland Cluster), while at the same time concentrated in the main cities, spilling over in ever larger areas, in particular in Amsterdam. The book concludes that the reputation of Dutch national spatial planning of being effective in containing urban sprawl is unwarranted, or at best only partly justified.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Randstad
Subtitle of host publicationA polycentric metropolis
EditorsWil Zonneveld, Vincent Nadin
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherRoutledge - Taylor & Francis Group
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9780203383346
ISBN (Print)9780415826099
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Publication series

NameRegions and Cities

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository 'You share, we take care!' - Taverne project

Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Spatial planning
  • Randstad
  • Polycentric region
  • Resilience
  • Interscalarity


Dive into the research topics of 'Conclusion and outlook'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this