Continuous and pulsed selective laser melting of Ti6Al4V lattice structures: Effect of post-processing on microstructural anisotropy and fatigue behaviour

K. Karami, A. Blok, L. Weber, S. M. Ahmadi, R. Petrov, Ksenija Nikolic, E.V. Borisov, S. Leeflang, C. Ayas, A. A. Zadpoor, M. Mehdipour, E. Reinton, V. A. Popovich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Additive manufacturing technologies in general and laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF) in particular have been on the rise in different applications, including biomedical implants. The effects of the various L-PBF process parameters on the microstructure and properties of Ti6Al4V lattice structures have been studied before. However, the relationship between the different modes of laser scanning and the resulting microstructure, internal imperfections, and surface morphology is still underexplored. In this study, the aforementioned parameters and their effect on the compressive mechanical properties and fatigue behaviour of lattice titanium have been studied for both continuous and pulsed laser scanning modes. Moreover, the influence of various combinations of post-processing treatments, such as hot isostatic pressing (HIP), sandblasting, and chemical etching, on the quasi-static mechanical properties and fatigue endurance of the resulting materials were investigated. It was found that continuous laser strategy results in fewer imperfections and higher fatigue resistance, while pulsed laser showed a more homogenous microstructure; likely leading to a more isotropic behaviour. Furthermore, the continuous mode showed larger prior β grains preferentially oriented in the building direction, while pulsed specimens exhibited finer equiaxed grains with no preferred orientations. The highest level of fatigue life was obtained by using an optimized combination of HIP, sandblasting, and chemical etching.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101433
Number of pages17
JournalAdditive Manufacturing
Volume36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Additive manufacturing
  • Fatigue behaviour
  • Laser scanning strategy
  • Post treatment
  • Ti6Al4V lattice

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