Control design for a two-bladed downwind teeterless damped free-yaw wind turbine

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, a control architecture for a two-bladed downwind teeterless damped free-yaw wind turbine is developed. The wind turbine features a physical yaw damper which provides damping to the yawing motion of the rotor-nacelle assembly. Individual Pitch Control (IPC)1 is employed to obtain yaw control so as to actively track the wind direction and to reduce the turbine loads. The objectives of both load and yaw control by IPC are conflicting and therefore two decoupling strategies are presented and compared in terms of controller design, stability, and turbine loads. The design of the different controllers and the physical yaw damping are coupled and have a large impact on the turbine loads. It is shown that the tuning of the controllers and the choice of the yaw damping value involve a tradeoff between blade and tower loads. All results have been obtained by high-fidelity simulations of the state-of-the-art 2-B Energy 2B6 wind turbine.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77–96
JournalMechatronics
Volume36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Two-bladed wind turbines
  • Free yaw
  • Individual pitch control
  • Yaw contro
  • Yaw damping
  • Load reduction

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