Convolutional neural network applied for nanoparticle classification using coherent scatterometry data

D. Kolenov*, D. Davidse, J. Le Cam, S. F. Pereira

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
29 Downloads (Pure)


The analysis of 2D scattering maps generated in scatterometry experiments for detection and classification of nanoparticles on surfaces is a cumbersome and slow process. Recently, deep learning techniques have been adopted to avoid manual feature extraction and classification in many research and application areas, including optics. In the present work, we collected experimental datasets of nanoparticles deposited on wafers for four different classes of polystyrene particles (with diameters of 40, 50, 60, and 80 nm) plus a background (no particles) class. We trained a convolutional neural network, including its architecture optimization, and achieved 95% accurate results. We compared the performance of this network to an existing method based on line-by-line search and thresholding, demonstrating up to a twofold enhanced performance in particle classification. The network is extended by a supervisor layer that can reject up to 80% of the fooling images at the cost of rejecting only 10% of original data. The developed Python and PyTorch codes, as well as dataset, are available online.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8426-8433
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Optics
Issue number27
Publication statusPublished - 2020


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