ConvSequential-SLAM: A Sequence-Based, Training-Less Visual Place Recognition Technique for Changing Environments

Mihnea Alexandru Tomia, Mubariz Zaffar, Michael J. Milford, Klaus D. McDonald-Maier, Shoaib Ehsan

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Abstract

Visual Place Recognition (VPR) is the ability to correctly recall a previously visited place under changing viewpoints and appearances. A large number of handcrafted and deep-learning-based VPR techniques exist, where the former suffer from appearance changes and the latter have significant computational needs. In this paper, we present a new handcrafted VPR technique, namely ConvSequential-SLAM, that achieves state-of-the-art place matching performance under challenging conditions. We utilise sequential information and block-normalisation to handle appearance changes, while using regional-convolutional matching to achieve viewpoint-invariance. We analyse content-overlap in-between query frames to find a minimum sequence length, while also re-using the image entropy information for environment-based sequence length tuning. State-of-the-art performance is reported in contrast to 9 contemporary VPR techniques on 4 public datasets. Qualitative insights and an ablation study on sequence length are also provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118673-118683
JournalIEEE Access
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • sequence-based filtering
  • SLAM
  • visual localization
  • visual place recognition

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