Coordinated expansion planning of transmission and distribution systems integrated with smart grid technologies

Mojtaba Moradi Sepahvand*, Turaj Amraee, Farrokh Aminifar, Amirhossein Akbari

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Integration of smart grid technologies in distribution systems, particularly behind-the-meter initiatives, has a direct impact on transmission network planning. This paper develops a coordinated expansion planning of transmission and active distribution systems via a stochastic multistage mathematical programming model. In the transmission level, in addition to lines, sitting and sizing of utility-scale battery energy storage systems and wind power plants under renewable portfolio standard policy are planned. Switchable feeders and distributed generations are decision variables in the distribution level while the impact of demand response programs as a sort of behind-the-meter technologies is accommodated as well. Expansion of electric vehicle taxi charging stations is included as a feasible option in both transmission and distribution levels. In order to deal with short-term uncertainty of load demand, renewable energy sources output power, and the charging pattern of electric vehicle taxis in each station, a chronological time-period clustering algorithm along with Monte Carlo simulation is utilized. The proposed model is tackled by means of Benders Dual Decomposition (BDD) method. The IEEE RTS test system (as the transmission system) along with four IEEE 33-node test feeders (as distribution test systems) are examined to validate effectiveness of the proposed model.
Original languageEnglish
Article number108859
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Distribution system operator
  • transmission system operator
  • Transmission and distribution expansion
  • planning
  • Smart grid technologies


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