Coordination of scheduling decisions in the management of airport airspace and taxiway operations

Marcella Samà, Andrea D'Ariano, Francesco Corman, Dario Pacciarelli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
35 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper addresses the real-time problem of coordinating aircraft ground and air operations in an airport area. At a congested airport, airborne decisions are related to take-off and landing operations, while ground (taxiway) decisions consist of scheduling aircraft movements between the gates and the runways. Since the runways are the initial/terminal points of both decisions, coordinated actions have a great potential to improve the overall performance. However, in the traffic control practice the different decisions are taken by different controllers, at least in large airports. Weak coordination may result in long queues at the runways, with increasing aircraft delays and energy consumption. This paper investigates models, methods and policies for improving the coordination between taxiway scheduling and airborne scheduling. The performance of a solution is measured in terms of delay and travel time, the latter being related to the energy consumption of an aircraft. A microscopic mathematical formulation is adopted to achieve reliable solutions. Exact and heuristic methods have been analysed in combination with the different policies, based on practical-size instances from Amsterdam Schiphol airport, in the Netherlands. Computational experience shows that good quality solutions can be found within limited time, compatible with real-time operations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPapers Selected for the 22nd International Symposium on Transportation and Traffic Theory Chicago, Illinois, USA, 24-26 July, 2017
EditorsHani Mahmassani, Yu (Marco) Nie, Karen Smilowitz
PublisherElsevier
Pages246-262
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event22nd International Symposium on Transportation & Traffic Theory - Northwestern University, Chicago, United States
Duration: 24 Jul 201726 Jul 2017

Publication series

NameTransportation Research Procedia
Volume23
ISSN (Print)2352-1465

Conference

Conference22nd International Symposium on Transportation & Traffic Theory
Abbreviated titleISTTT22
CountryUnited States
CityChicago
Period24/07/1726/07/17

Keywords

  • Air Traffic Control
  • Alternative Graph
  • Ground Operations
  • Intelligent Decision Support
  • Schedule Optimization
  • Scheduling Policies

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