Corridor Scale Planning of Bunker Infrastructure for Zero-Emission Energy Sources in Inland Waterway Transport

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientific

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The availability of supporting bunker infrastructure for zero-emission energy sources will be key to accommodate zero-emission inland waterway transport (IWT). However, it remains unclear which (mix of) zero-emission energy sources to prepare for, and how to plan the bunker infrastructure in relative positions and required capacity at corridor scale. To provide insight into the positioning and dimensions of bunkering infrastructure we propose a bottom-up energy consumption method combined with agent based network simulation. In the method, we first produce a two-way traffic energy consumption map, aggregated from the energy footprint of individual vessels on the transport network. Next we investigate the potential sailing range of the vessels on the network if they would sail the same routes, but with alternative energy carriers. Based on the sailing range of the vessels for different energy carriers, the maximum inter-distance between refuelling points can be estimated. By aggregating the energy consumptions of all the vessels on the network, we can estimate the required capacity of a given refuelling point. To demonstrate the basic functionality we implement the method to four representative corridor scale inland shipping examples using zero-emission energy sources including hydrogen, batteries, e-NH3, e-methanol and e-LNG. The application in this paper is limited to four abstract cases. A recommended next step is to apply this approach to a more realistic network.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of PIANC Smart Rivers 2022 - Green Waterways and Sustainable Navigations
Subtitle of host publicationGreen Waterways and Sustainable Navigations
EditorsYun Li, Yaan Hu, Philippe Rigo, Francisco Esteban Lefler, Gensheng Zhao
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)978-981-19-6138-0
ISBN (Print)978-981-19-6137-3
Publication statusPublished - 2023
EventPIANC Smart Rivers 2022 - Nanjing, China
Duration: 18 Oct 202221 Oct 2022

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Civil Engineering
Volume264 LNCE
ISSN (Print)2366-2557
ISSN (Electronic)2366-2565


ConferencePIANC Smart Rivers 2022


  • Inland waterway transport
  • Zero-emission
  • Bunkering infrastructure
  • Sustainable energy sources
  • Energy consumption


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