CO2Foam Behavior in Carbonate Rock: Effect of Surfactant Type and Concentration

Siân A. Jones*, Siavash Kahrobaei, Niels Van Wageningen, Rouhi Farajzadeh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
71 Downloads (Pure)


An understanding of how CO2 foam flows through a reservoir rock is useful for many subsurface applications, including enhanced oil recovery and CO2 storage. There are economic and environmental benefits in identifying surfactants that exhibit good foaming behavior with CO2 at both low concentrations and high foam qualities. Core flood experiments have been carried out to investigate the behavior of supercritical CO2 foams flowing through a high-permeability Indiana Limestone. The foaming behavior and concentration response of two surfactants, a betaine and a sultaine, were investigated. For the two surfactants, the transition foam quality and the maximum apparent foam viscosity both decreased with reducing surfactant concentration. A comparison between the foaming behaviors of these surfactants with CO2 and N2 was also carried out. It was found that the N2 generated stronger foam at low foam qualities, but the CO2 was better at maintaining good foaming behavior at high foam qualities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11977-11987
Number of pages11
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Issue number32
Publication statusPublished - 2022


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