Countermeasures of Zero-missing Phenomenon in (E)HV Cable Systems

Hossein Khalilnezhad, Marjan Popov, Lou van der Sluis, Jorrit A. Bos, Jan P.W. de Jong, Akihiro Ametani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
238 Downloads (Pure)


Zero-missing is a phenomenon in shunt compensated cable systems in which the current through the line breaker does not cross the zero point for several cycles. This paper deals with a thorough investigation on countermeasures of the zero-missing phenomenon in transmission systems and determines the requirements, benefits, and risks of applying each method. The effectiveness of countermeasures is studied on a simulated cable project with different cable lengths in an actual grid model of the Dutch 380 kV transmission system. Results are analyzed based on three criteria related to the IEC standards and the Dutch grid code. In addition, the switching sequence of circuit-breakers is specified to maximize the effectiveness of the countermeasures. A statistical switching analysis is performed for the insulation coordination study since the application of some countermeasures increases the probability of high transient switching overvoltages. Moreover, the closing variation threshold of circuit-breakers is calculated as a function of the circuit impedance and the shunt compensation degree.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1657-1667
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Cables
  • circuit breakers
  • Inductors
  • RLC circuits
  • shunt reactor
  • Shunts (electrical)
  • statistical analysis
  • Surges
  • Switches
  • Switching circuits
  • switching transients
  • Transient analysis
  • zero-missing phenomenon

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