Coupling chromatin structure and dynamics by live super-resolution imaging

R. Barth, K. Bystricky, H. A. Shaban

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Chromatin conformation regulates gene expression and thus, constant remodeling of chromatin structure is essential to guarantee proper cell function. To gain insight into the spatiotemporal organization of the genome, we use high-density photoactivated localization microscopy and deep learning to obtain temporally resolved super-resolution images of chromatin in living cells. In combination with high-resolution dense motion reconstruction, we find elongated ∼45- to 90-nm-wide chromatin "blobs."A computational chromatin model suggests that these blobs are dynamically associating chromatin fragments in close physical and genomic proximity and adopt topologically associated domain-like interactions in the time-average limit. Experimentally, we found that chromatin exhibits a spatiotemporal correlation over ∼4 μm in space and tens of seconds in time, while chromatin dynamics are correlated over ∼6 μm and last 40 s. Notably, chromatin structure and dynamics are closely related, which may constitute a mechanism to grant access to regions with high local chromatin concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereaaz2196
JournalScience Advances
Volume6
Issue number27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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