Coupling extracellular glycan composition with metagenomic data in papermill and brewery anaerobic granular sludges

Anna Doloman*, Stefan de Bruin, Mark C.M. van Loosdrecht, Diana Z. Sousa, Yuemei Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Glycans are crucial for the structure and function of anaerobic granular sludge in wastewater treatment. Yet, there is limited knowledge regarding the microorganisms and biosynthesis pathways responsible for glycan production. In this study, we analysed samples from anaerobic granular sludges treating papermill and brewery wastewater, examining glycans composition and using metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) to explore potential biochemical pathways associated with their production. Uronic acids were the predominant constituents of the glycans in extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) produced by the anaerobic granular sludges, comprising up to 60 % of the total polysaccharide content. MAGs affiliated with Anaerolineacae, Methanobacteriaceae and Methanosaetaceae represented the majority of the microbial community (30–50 % of total reads per MAG). Based on the analysis of MAGs, it appears that Anaerolinea sp. and members of the Methanobacteria class are involved in the production of exopolysaccharides within the analysed granular sludges. These findings shed light on the functional roles of microorganisms in glycan production in industrial anaerobic wastewater treatment systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121240
Number of pages10
JournalWater Research
Volume252
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • Anaerobic granular sludge
  • EPS biosynthesis pathways
  • Extracellular polymeric substances
  • Glycans
  • Metagenomics

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