Creep behaviour of FM906 glass-fibre epoxy as used in heated fibre metal laminates

Michiel Hagenbeek, Marcelo M. Dias, Jos Sinke, Kaspar Jansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


An innovative deicing system for aircraft leading edges has been developed which integrates heater elements into fibre metal laminates. Such an electrical system can lead to weight reductions and more efficient performances compared to conventional bleed air systems. However, the combination of thermal and mechanical loadings also raises new questions on the durability of such a structure, in particular due to the repeated heating to elevated temperature. The linear viscoelastic creep behaviour, including the effects of temperature and ageing, is therefore investigated for manufactured FM906 glass-fibre epoxy composite as used in heated GLARE. A master curve is derived based on the time–temperature and time–age superposition. The effect of physical ageing during loading is included in a long-term creep prediction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3829-3840
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Composite Materials
Issue number26-27
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019


  • Deicing
  • heated GLARE
  • long-term durability
  • physical ageing
  • time–ageing time superposition
  • time–temperature superposition
  • viscoelastic creep
  • time-ageing time superposition
  • time-temperature superposition


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