Critical properties of the Majorana chain with competing interactions

Natalia Chepiga*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

We explore critical properties of a chain of interacting Majorana fermions, particles that are their own antiparticles. We study the combined effect of two competing interaction terms of the shortest possible range and show this results in a very rich phase diagram with nine different phases, five of which are critical. In addition, we report a wide variety of quantum phase transitions: the tri-critical Ising lines; the Lifshitz critical line characterized by the dynamical critical exponent z=3; two Kosterlitz-Thouless transitions; and an exotic first-order transition between the floating and the gapped phases. However, the most surprising result is the emergence of the commensurate line at which the floating phases collapse into direct transition. We provide numerical evidences that the resulting multicritical point belongs to the universality class of the eight-vertex model. Implications in the context of supersymmetric properties of the Majorana chain are briefly discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number054509
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume108
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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