Critical review of mitigation solutions for SSO in modern transmission grids

Vinay Sewdien, Xiongfei Wang, Jose Rueda Torres, Mart van der Meijden

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleScientificpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)
38 Downloads (Pure)


The replacement of conventional generation by power electronics-based generation changes the dynamic characteristics of the power system. This results in, among other things, the increased susceptibility to subsynchronous oscillations (SSO). First, this paper discusses three recently emerging SSO phenomena, which arise due to the interactions between (1) a doubly-fed induction generator and a series compensated transmission system; (2) a voltage source converter (VSC) and a weak grid; and (3) nearby VSCs. A fundamental review of these phenomena resulted in the requirement for a reclassification of the existing SSO phenomena. This reclassification is proposed in this work and is based on interacting components identified using participation factor analysis for the distinct phenomena. Second, a critical review of the existing mitigation measures is performed for these phenomena, highlighting the advantages and disadvantages of the solutions. The influence of the wind speed, grid strength, number of wind turbines, and several converter controller parameters are also discussed. To assist equipment manufacturers, control design engineers, and system operators in selecting and designing effective mitigation measures, the existing solutions are categorized in control solutions, hardware solutions, and solutions based on system level coordination. Finally, perspectives on open issues conclude this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3449
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • DFIG
  • Power electronic converters
  • Series compensation
  • SSCI
  • SSR
  • Stability and control


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