Deep neural networks have become increasingly popular in radar micro-Doppler classification; yet, a key challenge, which has limited potential gains, is the lack of large amounts of measured data that can facilitate the design of deeper networks with greater robustness and performance. Several approaches have been proposed in the literature to address this problem, such as unsupervised pre-training and transfer learning from optical imagery or synthetic RF data. This work investigates an alternative approach to training which involves exploitation of “datasets of opportunity” - micro-Doppler datasets collected using other RF sensors, which may be of a different frequency, bandwidth or waveform - for the purposes of training. Specifically, this work compares in detail the cross-frequency training degradation incurred for several different training approaches and deep neural network (DNN) architectures. Results show a 70% drop in classification accuracy when the RF sensors for pre-training, fine-tuning, and testing are different, and a 15% degradation when only the pre-training data is different, but the fine-tuning and test data are from the same sensor. By using generative adversarial networks (GANs), a large amount of synthetic data is generated for pre-training. Results show that cross-frequency performance degradation is reduced by 50% when kinematically-sifted GAN-synthesized signatures are used in pre-training.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Proceedings of SPIE- International Society for Optical Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
|Event||SPIE Defense + Commercial Sensing 2020 Digital Forum, Online only|
- , United States
Duration: 27 Apr 2020 → 8 May 2020
Bibliographical noteGreen Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.
- Generative adversarial networks
- Micro-Doppler classification
- Radar networks
- Transfer learning