Crowd-Sourcing Fuzzy and Faceted Classification for Concept Search

Richard Absalom, Dap Hartmann, M Luczak-Rösch, A Plaat

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Abstract

Searching for concepts in science and technology is often a difficult task. To facilitate concept search, different types of human-generated metadata have been created to define the content of scientific and technical disclosures. Classification schemes such as the International Patent Classification (IPC) and MEDLINE's MeSH are structured and controlled, but require trained experts and central management to restrict ambiguity (Mork, 2013). While unstructured tags of folksonomies can be processed to produce a degree of structure (Kalendar, 2010; Karampinas, 2012; Sarasua, 2012; Bragg, 2013) the freedom enjoyed by the crowd typically results in less precision (Stock 2007). Existing classification schemes suffer from inflexibility and ambiguity. Since humans understand language, inference, implication, abstraction and hence concepts better than computers, we propose to harness the collective wisdom of the crowd. To do so, we propose a novel classification scheme that is sufficiently intuitive for the crowd to use, yet powerful enough to facilitate search by analogy, and flexible enough to deal with ambiguity. The system will enhance existing classification information. Linking up with the semantic web and computer intelligence, a Citizen Science effort (Good, 2013) would support innovation by improving the quality of granted patents, reducing duplicitous research, and stimulating problem-oriented solution design. A prototype of our design is in preparation. A crowd-sourced fuzzy and faceted classification scheme will allow for better concept search and improved access to prior art in science and technology.

Crowd-Sourcing Fuzzy and Faceted Classification for Concept Search | Request PDF. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/263544917_Crowd-Sourcing_Fuzzy_and_Faceted_Classification_for_Concept_Search [accessed Jul 26 2018].
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of MIT Conference on Collective Intelligence 2014
PublisherMIT
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventMIT Conference on Collective Intelligence 2014 - cambridge, United States
Duration: 11 Jun 201412 Jun 2014

Conference

ConferenceMIT Conference on Collective Intelligence 2014
CountryUnited States
Citycambridge
Period11/06/1412/06/14

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    Absalom, R., Hartmann, D., Luczak-Rösch, M., & Plaat, A. (2014). Crowd-Sourcing Fuzzy and Faceted Classification for Concept Search. In Proceedings of MIT Conference on Collective Intelligence 2014 MIT.