Cryo-CMOS for Quantum Computing

E. Charbon, F. Sebastiano, A. Vladimirescu, H. Homulle, S. Visser, L. Song, R.M. Incandela

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


Cryogenic CMOS, or cryo-CMOS circuits and systems, are emerging in VLSI design for many applications, in primis quantum computing. Fault-tolerant quantum bits (qubits) in surface code configurations, one of the most accepted implementations in quantum computing, operate in deep sub-Kelvin regime and require scalable classical control circuits. In this paper we advocate the need for a new generation of deep-submicron CMOS circuits operating at deep-cryogenic temperatures to achieve the performance required in a fault-tolerant qubit system. We outline the challenges and limitations of operating CMOS in near-zero Kelvin regimes and we propose solutions. The paper concludes with several examples showing the suitability of integrating fault-tolerant.qubits with CMOS.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting, IEDM 2016
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5090-3902-9
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventIEDM 2016: 62nd IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: 3 Dec 20167 Dec 2016
Conference number: 62


ConferenceIEDM 2016
Abbreviated titleIEDM
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Internet address

Bibliographical note



  • Quantum dots
  • Quantum computing
  • Multiplexing
  • Field programmable gate arrays
  • Fault tolerance
  • Fault tolerant system
  • Computers


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