CT coreflood study of foam flow for enhanced oil recovery: The effect of oil type and saturation

Jinyu Tang*, Sebastien Vincent-Bonnieu, William R. Rossen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)
35 Downloads (Pure)


We present a CT coreflood study of foam, both pre-generated and generated in-situ, displacing oil, as a function of oil type and saturation. Foam generation and propagation are reflected through sectional pressure measurements. Dual-energy CT imaging monitors in-time phase saturations. With an oil less harmful to foam (hexadecane), injection with and without pre-generation of foam exhibits similarities: propagation of a foam bank through a core and later refinement of foam texture. In contrast, with an oil destabilizing to foam (with 20 wt% oleic acid in the hexadecane), pre-generation of foam behaves very differently from co-injection, suggesting very-different effects on foam generation and propagation. Without pre-generation, strong-foam generation is very difficult even at residual oil saturation (about 0.1); generation finally starts from the outlet (likely a result of the capillary-end effect). This strong-foam state propagates upstream very slowly. Pre-generated foam shows two stages of propagation, both from the inlet to outlet. First, weak foam displaces most of the oil, followed by a propagation of stronger foam at lower oil saturation. This dependence on injection method with harmful oil is not represented in currently applied foam models, which need further improvements for reliable prediction of foam for enhanced oil recovery.
Original languageEnglish
Article number116022
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • CT corefloods
  • Enhanced oil recovery
  • Foam flow with oil
  • Simulation


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