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Wars are armed conflicts between the armed forces of political entities, which are typically nation-states, although this is not always the case. An armed force can be defined as a collective entity comprising combatants with task-defined roles and with a command-and-control structure. It is necessary to distinguish between legal or other institutional determinants of war and the substance of war. On the one hand, a nation-state might declare war on another nation-state, but if no actual armed conflict takes place, then the “war” is apparently war in name only. On the other hand, a sustained period of intense armed conflict between nation-states might technically be defined as a war even if neither side has actually declared war. This is not to say that declarations ...
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe SAGE Encyclopedia of Surveillance, Security, and Privacy
EditorsBruce A. Arrigo
PublisherSAGE Publications
ISBN (Electronic)9781483359953
Publication statusPublished - 2018


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