Cycling in automated traffic: Scenarios and test criteria

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractScientific


Background: In the future, automated vehicles (AVs) must interpret and adapt to the subtleness and complexity of urban traffic. Interaction with vulnerable road users (VRUs) like pedestrians and cyclists in complex, urban traffic environments is still a major challenge for AVs. While traffic scenarios with pedestrians and AVs are well studied, the field of AV-cyclist interaction is still in early development. With differences in speeds, eye-gaze behaviour, and movement patterns compared to pedestrians, it is crucial to target cyclists as a specific road user group in AV-VRU research. The objectives of this study are to develop realistic scenarios, test criteria, and guidelines for studying AV-cyclist interaction.

Method: We are applying a mixed-method approach in this study: A systematic literature review of scenario-specific studies on cyclists and motorised vehicles along with in-depth analyses of cycling accidents and safety-critical situations, focus group interviews with cycling safety and human factors experts, and real-life testing with cyclists.

Results: The study is ongoing, and results are expected Third Quarter 2022. From the systematic literature review, we expect to derive the most common cyclist interactive scenarios from cyclist research as well as the relevant situational factors of these scenarios. To evaluate the scenarios and to identify additional technological factors relevant to AVs, the scenarios will be assessed by cycling safety and human factors experts in focus group interviews. The interviews are expected to result in a selection of scenarios and a list of test criteria for each scenario. Validation of the scenarios and test criteria will be evaluated using an instrumented bicycle in real-life traffic.

Conclusion: To accommodate the need for more knowledge of AV-cyclist interaction, we will provide a collection of traffic scenarios and methodical guidelines for future research. The findings are particularly relevant for studies on AVs, cyclists, and external human-machine interfaces (HMIs), on-bike HMIs, and infrastructural systems. With a rich description of the situational and technological factors involved in the test scenarios, the scenarios can be utilised to model and predict road user behaviour in future automated traffic.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2022
EventICTTP 2022: International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology - Gothenburg, Sweden
Duration: 23 Aug 202225 Aug 2022


ConferenceICTTP 2022


  • Cyclist interaction
  • Automated vehicles
  • Vulnerable road users
  • Road user safety
  • Road user scenarios
  • Road user behaviour methodology


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