Daily-seasonal operation in net-zero energy building powered by hybrid renewable energies and hydrogen storage systems

Hasan Mehrjerdi, Atif Iqbal, Elyas Rakhshani, José Rueda Torres

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


The net-zero energy buildings are often supplied by renewable resources and energy storage systems. These energy resources have different seasonal and daily patterns of power production. Their output power is also uncertain. This paper aims to study these issues including daily-seasonal operation patterns, uncertainty, and cogeneration of various renewable resources and storage systems. These issues are investigated at net-zero energy building supported by renewable resources (i.e., solar energy, hydro energy, and fuelcell) and energy storage systems (i.e., hydrogen storage system). The uncertain parameters of the model are solar-hydro-load powers. The model minimizes the investment cost on solar system. The plan finds optimal sizing and operation for solar, hydro, hydrogen, and fuel-cell. The cooperation of hydrogen storage and fuelcell is optimized to level the uncertainty. The surplus of energy is fed into water electrolyzer to produce hydrogen and the fuelcell consumes the hydrogen to produce electricity. The seasonal operation is dealt by cogeneration of hydro-solar systems. The proposed plan installs 73 kW solar panel. The hydrogen storage system is charged at hours 7–17. When hydro power is increased to 39 kW, the building does not need the solar energy. The proposed model decreases the Carbon Dioxide by about 39546 kg. The model also reduces the total cost by about 50.3%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112156
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Hydro energy
  • Hydrogen storage system
  • Mixed integer linear model
  • Net-zero energy building
  • Solar energy

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