As the connection at the proximal tip plays an important role for sensing guidewires, we compared various sensing guidewires with regard to their proximal connectors. The strengths and weaknesses of each are discussed and recommendations for future development are provided. A literature search limited to the English language for the time period from the 1960s to the 2010s has been performed on the USPTO database, Espacenet, and Web of Science. The results have been categorized on the basis of the connector design. A comprehensive overview and classification of proximal connectors for sensing guidewires used for cardiovascular interventions is presented. The classification is based on both the type of connector (fixed or removable) and the type of connection (physical, wireless, or a combination). Considering the complexity of the currently prototyped and tested connectors, future connector development will necessitate an easy and cost-effective manufacturing process that can ensure safe and robust connections.
- optical fiber
- cardiovascular system